This is the localisation, language & ICT profile for Rwanda.
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Kinyarwanda, French, English
Almost the entire population speaks Kinyarwanda.
Ethnologue's list includes Kinyarwanda, French and English. See http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=RW
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Rwanda at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/rwanda.htm
Four institutions "involved in or responsible for African Language research" in Rwanda (UNESCO 1985). Updated information is needed:
The language of instruction in grades 1-3 is Kinyarwanda; afterwards it is French or English. (Wikipedia)
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 64.9%
The Latin alphabet is used.
UNESCO (1985) reported the following periodicals (name, frequency of publication, circulation, language). Updated information is needed:
Rwanda is one of the few countries in Africa where virtually all the population has the same mother tongue - Kinyarwanda. Kinyarwanda and Kirundi (language of neighboring Burundi) are very similar.
"There has been a significant extension of mobile services [and] fixed services ... in Rwanda in the past three years" (Towards an African e-Index, published in 2005)
"Internet access and penetration is increasing rapidly, especially in the capital city of Kigali and the other major urban areas. This is the only service where competition has played a key role in terms of lowering the cost of access and usage, increasing access, especially through cyber cafés, as many Rwandans cannot afford computers and the Internet in their households. A number of Internet access technologies with higher bandwidth, including ISDN, frame relay, VSAT and wireless options, are available for corporate and educational institutions." (Nsengiyumva & Stork, "Rwanda," in Towards an African e-Index)
Rwanda's first Integrated Socio-Economic Policy and Plan (2001-2005) "is anchored on eight pillars, namely human resources, ICT infrastructure, e-government, community access, ICT in education, legal and regulatory provisions, private sector facilitation and foreign direct investment, all which aim at promoting ICT." (Nsengiyumva & Stork, "Rwanda," in Towards an African e-Index)
RITA, the Rwanda Information Technology Authority, apparently plays a key role in ICT policy. Its website is at http://www.rita.gov.rw/ . It maintains a page on Rwanda's NICI plans at http://www.rita.gov.rw/laws/nici_plans.html
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Rwanda" has some information and links: http://rights.apc.org/africa/test.shtml?apc=s21845e_1
"... the Ministry of Education is planning to acquire a significant number of computers, including 4,000 assembled computers for secondary and primary schools with an average of 10 computers per school and Internet access for each school with an average of 128 kbps bandwidth." (Nsengiyumva & Stork, "Rwanda," in Towards an African e-Index)
(See also specific language pages.)
(See also specific language pages.)
No comprehensive ICT localisation policy is known of, however projects by RITA for localisation of OpenOffice.org and by IRST for an online Kinyarwanda dictionary seem to indicate a commitment to localisation.
APC, "ICT Policy in Rwanda," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/test.shtml?apc=s21845e_1
Balancing Act Africa. 2005. African Internet Country Profiles, Part 2, East Africa. London: Balancing Act. http://www.balancingact-africa.com/profile2.html
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Rwanda," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/rwanda.htm
Nsengiyumva, Albert, and Christoph Stork,. 2005. "Rwanda." In Gillwald, Alison (ed.), Towards an African e-Index: Household and individual ICT Access and Usage Across 10 African Countries. (Research ICT Africa!, http://www.researchictafrica.net/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=504 ; direct link to the article in PDF: http://www.researchictafrica.net/images/upload/Chapter08Rwanda.pdf )
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Rwanda," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=RW
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
Wikipedia, "Education in Rwanda," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_Rwanda
______, "Rwanda," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwanda
______, "Rwanda," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rwanda