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Runyakitara is a name given to the four major dialects found in Western Uganda namely Runyoro [Nyoro], Rutooro [Tooro], Runyankore [Nyankore] and Rukiga [Chiga]. (Makerere)
Runyakitara is a recent standardization, dating to 1990, so most available data is on the four related languages it draws on.
Ethnologue lists their classification as: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Nyoro-Ganda (J.10)
The Webbook describes Nyoro (Runyoro) as belonging to the Nyoro-Ganda group of Bantu (Guthrie E11).
According to information compiled from Ethnologue:
The four languages in Uganda covered by Runyakitara total over 4 million.
Ladefoged, Glick, and Criper (1972) provide a table of mutual intelligibility for 20 Ugandan Bantu languages showing Rutooro, Rutagwenda, and Runyankore ranging from 86 to 92 percent mutually intelligible with Runyoro; "Runyoro/Rutooro . . . is accepted by Banyoro and Batooro as one language for teaching purposes" (p. 44). (Webbook)
Nyoro and Tooro have 78% to 93% lexical similarity. Hema-Sud (Nyoro-Toro) in DRC is quite different from Nyoro and Tooro. ... Nyankore, Nyoro, and their dialects are considered by some to be one language (lexical similarity 78% to 96%). (Ethnologue)
Dialects according to Ethnologue:
Another language, Ruruli, seems to be between Ganda and Runyakitara (interpreting information in Ethnologue)
The standardization of the western Ugandan languages (Nyankore-Chiga and Nyoro-Tooro) is called 'Runyakitara', and is taught at Makerere University. (Ethnologue, with modifications)
Nyoro is a local language. Ladefoged, Glick, and Criper (1972) report it is the official vernacular in several Ugandan school districts and agricultural information services and is broadcast about 9 hours per week in Uganda. (Webbook)
Notes from Ethnologue about Nyoro in Uganda: Literacy campaign in progress. Taught in primary schools. Used in newspapers, radio programs.
A standardized Latin-based orthography was established in 1947 [for Nyoro]. (Webbook) [Need more details.]
Sample texts are shown on the "Language Museum" site as follows (these may or may not reflect current standards and use):
ENTUURA Y'OBUNTU AHA BANTU OMUNSI YOONA (Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Runyankore-rukiga/Nkore-kiga Version) http://www.unhchr.ch/udhr/lang/nyn1.htm
Orumuri (a news site in Runyakore/Rukiga) - http://www.orumuri.co.ug/
There is a FOSS localization project called Safari-OS which includes Runyakitara. See http://khmeros.info/download/SafariOS.pdf
Is use of Runyakitara superceding that of the individual languages in schools and media? Would it be a good choice for localisation strategies for this cluster of languages?
A good case could be made for a new ISO-639-1 or 2 code for Runyakitara.
Bernsten, Jan. 1998. "Runyakitara: Uganda's 'New' Language." Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 19(2): 93-107. http://www.multilingual-matters.net/jmmd/019/0093/jmmd0190093.pdf
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and Centre for Advanced Studies of African Society (CASAS) (n.d.), "Report of the Evaluation of the Democratization of ICT Content for Africa Pilot Project" http://www.idrc.ca/uploads/user-S/10373084350EvalDemoContentAfrica.pdf
Makerere University, Faculty of Arts, Institute of Languages, (second page of language listings), http://www.makerere.ac.ug/arts/depts/morelang.html
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Chiga," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=cgg
______, "Hema," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nix
______, "Nyankore," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nyn
______, "Nyoro," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nyo
______, "Ruli," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ruc
______, "Tooro," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ttj
SIL International, "ISO 639 Code Tables," http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/codes.asp
U.S. Library of Congress, "ISO 639.2: Codes for the Representation of Names of Languages: Alpha-3 codes arranged alphabetically by the English name of language," http://www.loc.gov/standards/iso639-2/php/English_list.php
Wikipedia, "Runyakitara language," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Runyakitara_language