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Apparently none legislated. However, according to Aménagement, English serves this role de facto, and according to (Ethnologue), Chewa also has an "official" role.
Chewa is the most widely spoken tongue, serving as a vehicular language.
Ethnologue lists 14 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MW
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Malawi at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/malawi.htm
Moyo (2003) argues for more accommodating language policy, stating: "Viable indigenous languages, which could equally play a meaningful role in the socioeconomic political life of the country, have been largely marginalised, in market places and in other national functions."
Centre for Language Studies, University of Malawi (old site) http://www.sdnp.org.mw/research/cls/csl.html
English is the main language of education. There is discussion about use of maternal languages at least at the primary school level. (L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde)
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 64.1%
The Latin alphabet is used.
Apparently there are newspapers in Chewa (Ethnologue).
UNESCO (1985) reported the following periodicals (name, frequency of publication, circulation, language). Updated information is needed:
The "Malawi National ICT for Development (ICT4D) Policy" http://www.malawi.gov.mw/publications/nationalICT4DPolicy.htm
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Malawi," has some information and links:
(See also specific language pages.)
There is a project beginning for localisation in Chewa.
(See also specific language pages.)
APC, "ICT Policy in Malawi," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21813e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Malawi," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21813e_1 )
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Malawi," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/malawi.htm
Moyo, Theba. 2003. "The democratisation of indigenous languages: The case of Malawi." In: Makoni, Sinfree and Ulrike H. Meinhof (eds.), Africa and Applied Linguistics: AILA Review, Volume 16. 2003. ii, 173 pp. (pp. 26–37) http://www.benjamins.nl/cgi-bin/t_articles.cgi?bookid=AILA%2016&artid=114022473
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Malawi," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MW
______, "Nyanja," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nya
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
Wikipedia, "Communications in Malawi," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Malawi
______, "Malawi," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malawi
______, "Malawi," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malawi