Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) refers to applications of ICTs in projects designed to promote development. By their nature, ICT4D programs and projects happen in parts of the world where localisation of ICT is also an ongoing concern.
There are various networks and communities of practice on ICT4D. An example of an effort to bring together knowledge on this area is an online wiki called "Open ICT for Development" at http://openict4d.wikidot.com/
Note: ICT4D/E = ICT4D + ICT4E
Wikipedia, "Information and Communication Technologies for Development," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Information_and_Communication_Technologies_for_Development