This is the localisation, language &
ICT profile for Chad. For the
TD-L10n wikigroup, click on the flag.
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French and Standard Arabic, as stipulated in the constitution (Aménagement linguistique)
Chadian Arabic (dialect) in the north and Sara in the south are of particular importance. Kanembu, which is closely related to Kanuri, is spoken near Lake Chad. Sango is apparently used in the border areas with CAR.
Ethnologue has an extensive list at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=TD
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Chad at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/tchad.htm
Four institutions "involved in or responsible for African Language research" in Chad (UNESCO 1985). Updated information is needed:
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 25.7%
Arabic naturally is written in the Arabic script. The languages of the south are written in Latin script with some modified letters (extended characters). A chart showing the extended Latin characters and diacritics used in some Chadian languages is available at: http://www.bisharat.net/A12N/CHAD-table.htm
Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 4, shortwave 5 (2002) (CIA)
According to the NICI policy page (ref immediately below) and WikiEducator, "There is no formal ICT policy in Chad." (5-2007)
Information on Chad's NICI (National Information and Communications Infrastructure) policy process is available at:
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Chad" has some information and links:
WikiEducator has information and a table on enabling and constraining factors for ICTs in education at http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Chad
Institut Africain d'Informatique (IAI), Cameroon (also serves Chad)
(See also specific language pages.)
Not aware of any software localization activities.
(See also specific language pages.)
APC, "ICT Policy in Chad," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21851e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Tchad," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21851e_1 )
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), "Distribution of Top-Level Domain Names by Host Country, Jan 2007" http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2007. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Tchad," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/tchad.htm
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Chad," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=TD
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
UNESCO Regional Office for Education in Africa. 1985. African Community Languages and Their Use in Literacy and Education: A Regional Survey. Dakar: UNESCO.
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Chad," https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cd.html
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Chad," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Chad
Wikipedia, "Communications in Chad," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Chad
______, "Languages of Chad," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Chad