This is the localisation, language & ICT profile for Namibia.
For the NA-L10n wikigroup, click on the flag.
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All indigenous languages are given equal status (none have special status), but their possible use in various official capacities is recognized.
Ethnologue lists 28 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=NA and has a map at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_map.asp?name=NA&seq=10
Ethnic Groups as Percentages of the Population (with languages spoken) (Dutcher 2004):
The remaining 13 % of the population is made up of mother tongue Afrikaans speakers...
According to Dutcher (2004), Afrikaans is the LWC in much of the country, especially the south.
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Namibia at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/namibie.htm
According to Dutcher (2004) instruction in grades 1-3 is in the mother tongue, and thereafter in English.
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 85.0%
The Latin alphabet is used for all languages.
"In Namibia as a whole, 13.2% of households have a household phone, 95.6% of which are fixed lines and 4.4% mobile phones. Rural areas clearly lag in acquiring household phones." (Towards an African e-Index)
"Of the respondents [to a survey on internet use] that use the Internet, 71.4% have access to the Internet at school or work. Only 20.4% use Internet cafés." (Towards an African e-Index)
"Only 51 out of 854 households responded to questions on the Internet and cyber café usage, implying that most households surveyed do not have a household member that uses the Internet. Information was collected for 4,163 household members from 854 households. Of these, only 3.9% (162 household members) have an email address. Of the 51 households that had at least one household member that uses the Internet, 72.5% lived in major urban, 27.5% in other urban and none in rural areas. Of the respondents that use the Internet, 71.4% have access to the Internet at school or work. Only 20.4% use Internet cafés." (Towards an African e-Index)
"The main obstacle regarding Internet usage in rural areas is access to electricity and fixed line telephony, both of which are required for conventional Internet use." (Towards an African e-Index)
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Namibia" has some information and links:
"The main challenges faced in Namibia are to make ICTs cheaper and more accessible. Technologies to deliver always-on Internet access and telephony to even rural communities without connection to the electricity grid are readily available – Schoolnet operates such systems in rural Namibia, for example. What is lacking is an enabling policy environment that allows private initiatives to flourish and entrepreneurs to deliver ICT services to suit communities." (Towards an African e-Index)
(See also specific language pages.)
(See also specific language pages.)
APC, "ICT Policy in Namibia" Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21816e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Namibia," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21816e_1 )
Dutcher, Nadine. 2004. Expanding Educational Opportunity in Linguistically Diverse Societies, 2nd. ed. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics. http://www.cal.org/resources/pubs/expand.html
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Namibie," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/namibie.htm
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Namibia," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=NA
Stark, Christoph. 2005. "Namibia." in Gillwald, Alison (ed.), Towards an African e-Index: Household and individual ICT Access and Usage Across 10 African Countries. (Research ICT Africa!, http://www.researchictafrica.net/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=504 )
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf