This is the localisation, language & ICT profile for
Senegal. For the SN-L10n wikigroup, click on the flag.
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Ethnologue lists 36 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SN
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Senegal at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/senegal.htm (see section 3).
Although French is the official language of Senegal, the current policy objective is to have students read in the predominant language of their region. These include Wolof, Serer, Fulfulde (Pulaar), Diola, Mandingue (Manding), and Sarakole (Soninke). (Webbook)
Senegal seems to be pushing forward with production of materials for primary instruction in national languages. Relevant conferences and decisions:
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 39.3%
Before colonisation, and still to some degree today, the Arabic script was used to write national languages (and in these cases referred to as Ajami). It is apparently still used by some.
Introduction of the Latin alphabet for writing indigenous languages may have occurred in early (and aborted) attempts to use Wolof in primary schooling.
Currently, national languages are written in the Latin alphabet with some additional modified letters (extended characters) and diacritics. A chart showing the extended Latin characters and diacritics used in some Senegalese languages is available at http://www.bisharat.net/A12N/SENEGAL-table.htm
There is a current (2007) effort to harmonise the orthographies of Senegalese languages involving the Académie des langues nationales & Commission nationale consultative d'élaboration de proposition de décrets d'orthographes [need more info]]
There is at least one non-governmental organisation actively involved in publication of materials in Senegalese languages: ARED (particularly in Pulaar).
DSL service was made available to dial-up internet subscribers in 2005.
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Senegal" has some information and links:
(See also specific language pages.)
Microsoft concluded an agreement with the Senegalese govt. for localisation of its Windows software.
(See also specific language pages.)
APC, "ICT Policy in Senegal," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/test.shtml?apc=s21834e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Sénégal," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21834e_1 )
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2006. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Ka, Omar. 1993. "Senegalese languages in education: The First Congress of Wolof." In Joshua Fishman, ed., The Earliest Stage of Language Planning: The "First Congress" Phenomenon. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Pp. 305-320.
Le Soleil, "Académie des langues nationales - Un outil pour cimenter la nation," http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/200707250572.html(approve sites)
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Sénégal," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/senegal.htm
[Senegal, Government of], Décret n° 71-566 du 21 mai 1971 relatif à la transcription des langues nationales, modifié par décret n° 72-702 du 16 juin 1972.
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Senegal," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=SN
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
Wikipedia, "Languages of Senegal," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Senegal