This is the localisation, language &
ICT profile for Egypt. For the
EG-L10n wikigroup, click on the flag.
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Colloquial Egyptian Arabic is the main spoken language.
Ethnologue lists 11 living languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=EG
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Egypt at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/egypte.htm
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 71.4%
Arabic script is of course used for Arabic. The Coptic language (liturgical for the minority Coptic Christian community, and no longer a living language) has a script based on Greek. There is also an old Nubian script, similar to Coptic, and there is some interest in reviving its use for the Nubian languages.
Egypt is certainly one of the most, if not the most important centers for publishing in Arabic.
A list of Egyptian newspapers with links is available at http://www.arabo.com/links/,227,213,209/,213,205,221/
The University of Cairo has an African languages program of note, with some involvement in use of ICT.
Radio broadcast stations: AM 42 (plus 15 repeaters), FM 14, shortwave 3 (1999) (CIA)
"The Egyptian government has made information and communications technologies (ICTs) a developmental priority and has modernised and upgraded the sector's infrastructure, services, regulations and human resource capacity." (Hassanin in GISW 2007) Liberalisation of the telecommunications sector is a key aspect of policy.
Egypt has had an ICT plan since 1999: "National Plan for Telecommunication and Information" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Documents/egyptnational_it_plan.doc . According to UNECA/AISI (2005?), the main objectives are:
More information on Egypt's ICT policy and related information is available at:
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Egypt" has some information and links:
WikiEducator has a page on ICT and education in Egypt at http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Egypt
Egyptian Information, Telecommunication, Electronics and Software Alliance (EITESAL) http://www.eitesal.com/ (EITESAL was formed through the merger of the top two existing associations, the Egyptian Hi Technology Association (EHITA) and the Egyptian Software Association (ESA) in November 2003)
There are many sites in the .eg domain. (See also ICT infor in 2.5, above)
Significant number of sites in Arabic or with Arabic content. Egypt is a centre for localisation of all sorts into Arabic language.
Major commercial software is available in Standard Arabic.
APC, "ICT Policy in Egypt," Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/index.shtml?apc=s21804e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Botswana," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21804e_1 )
Hassanin, Leila. "Ëgypt." Global Information Society Watch (GISW) 2007 Report http://globaliswatch.org/en/node/455
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet Systems Consortium (ISC), "Distribution of Top-Level Domain Names by Host Country, Jan 2007" http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2007. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Égypte," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/egypte.htm
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Egypt," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=EG
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
UNECA/AISI (2005?) "NICI Country Pages: Egypt" http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Egypt/egypt.htm
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Egypt" https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Egypt," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Egypt
Wikipedia, "Languages of Egypt," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Egypt