This is the localisation, language & ICT profile for
Algeria. For the DZ-L10n wikigroup, click on the flag.
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Standard Arabic as stipulated in the constitution. (French has no official status, but is still extensively used in administration and bureaucracy despite numerous efforts to shift these to Arabic. Berber's status is officially as below.) (Aménagement linguistique)
Tamazight/Berber (officially considered "national" following the constitutional amendment of May 8, 2002.) It is to be taught in all schools starting September 2005. For educational purposes, it is divided into Kabyle, Chaouia, Chenoua, Mzabi, and Tuareg; smaller dialects (such as the Zenati varieties of Touat and Tidikelt) are not so far considered.
Algerian Arabic - has no official status, but is overwhelmingly the dominant language of oral communication in most of the country, and is generally learned as a second language by speakers of other languages.
Korandje - a heavily Berberized Songhay language spoken only at a single small oasis near the Moroccan border, on the old caravan route from Timbuktu to Sijilmassa.
Ethnologue lists 18 languages at http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=DZ
The site L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde has a page on Algeria at http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/algerie.htm
UNDP (2006) gives a literacy figure (without reference to which language[s]) of: 69.9%
Arabic is of course written in the Arabic script. The Berber languages can be written in a modified Latin script, the Arabic script, or in Tifinagh.
The principal languages of print publications are standard Arabic and French (in nearly equal proportions.) Berber publications, generally in Kabyle in the Latin script, are increasing (including a novel and several poetry collections, as well as a grammar and textbooks), but remain relatively minor so far, with most Berber authors using French or more rarely Arabic. Dialectal Arabic is marginal, though used in some plays and in collections of popular poetry or lyrics; no significant movement to extend its use exists. (Aménagement linguistique)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 25, FM 1, shortwave 8 (1999) (CIA)
The APC page, "ICT Policy in Algeria" has information and links:
Information on Algeria's NICI (National Information and Communications Infrastructure) policy is available at http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/Algeria/algeria.htm & http://www.uneca.org/aisi/nici/country_profiles/Algeria/algerab.htm
"DOT-COM Activity: Assisting the Internet in Algeria"
The Ministry of Education has apparently been pursuing a program of equipping schools with computers and internet access. (WikiEducator)
(See also specific language pages.)
(See also specific language pages.)
APC, "ICT Policy in Algeria" Africa ICT Policy Monitor, http://rights.apc.org/africa/en.shtml?apc=s21803e_1 ("Politiques de TIC en/au Algérie," Observatoire des politiques des TIC en Afrique, http://afrique.droits.apc.org/index.shtml?apc=s21803e_1
International Telecommunications Union (ITU). 2006. World Information Society Report 2006. Geneva: ITU. http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/worldinformationsociety/2006/wisr-web.pdf
______. 2004. African Telecommunication Indicators 2004. Geneva: ITU.
Internet World Stats: Africa. 2007. http://internetworldstats.com/africa.htm
Leclerc, Jacques. L'aménagement linguistique dans le monde, "Algérie," http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/afrique/algerie.htm
SIL International, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, "Languages of Algeria," http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=DZ
Souag, Lameen, "Writing Berber Languages," http://www.geocities.com/lameens/tifinagh
UNDP. 2006. ''Beyond scarcity: Power, poverty and the global water crisis. Human Development Report 2006.'' New York: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). [Human development index Adult literacy rate (% ages 15 and older) (HDI) http://hdr.undp.org/hdr2006/statistics/indicators/3.html ]
U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), "The World Factbook: Algeria," https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html
Vodafone. 2005. "Africa: The Impact of Mobile Phones." The Vodafone Policy Paper Series, Number 3, March 2005. http://www.vodafone.com/assets/files/en/GPP%20SIM%20paper.pdf
WikiEducator, "ICT4Africa/Country Report Algeria," http://www.wikieducator.org/ICT4Africa/Country_Report_Algeria
Wikipedia, "Algeria," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algeria
______, "Algérie," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algérie
______, "Communications in Algeria," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communications_in_Algeria
______, "Languages of Algeria," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Algeria
______, "Langues d'Algérie," http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Langues_d'Algérie